GOJR 100

12. Krzysztof Komeda - Astigmatic (1965)

komedaAstigmaticKrzysztof Komeda was a Polish film music composer and jazz pianist, perhaps best known for his work on film scores. Astigmatic is widely regarded as one of the most important European jazz albums.

13. Sun Ra & His Arkestra - Jazz In Silhouette (1958)

Sun Ra SilhouetteThe album was recorded in March 1959 and released a couple of months later. It is considered to be one of Sun Ra's best from his Chicago period before veering off into his full-fledged explorations into the avant-garde. This album simply inspires, no matter what perspective you adopt: rhythm, melody, ensemble or mood.

14. Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers / T. Monk (1958)

Blakey and MonkThis album contains examples of Blakey and Monk at the respective peak of their powers. It contains insightful interpretations of nearly half a dozen inspired performances by this incarnation of the Blakey-led Jazz Messengers. This combo features Art Blakey, Johnny Griffin, Bill Hardman and Jimmy DeBrest.

15. Max Roach - We Insist! Freedom Now Suite (1960)

Roach Freedom NowThis album was a pivotal work in the early 1960s African-American protest movement. Released on Candid Records, it contains a suite which composer Max Roach and lyricist Oscar Brown wanted to perform on stage as part of the centenary of the Emancipation Proclamation. The album consists of five pieces themed around the Emancipation Proclamation and the growing African independence movements of the 1950s.

16. Larry Young - Unity (1965)

LarryYoungUnityThis album provides a wonderful combination of rhythm and melody. Although this was only his second album, Young brings together a great crowd of musicians including Elvin Jones, Woody Shaw and Joe Henderson.

17. The Dave Brubeck Quartet - Time Out (1959)

Brubeck Time OutThis is one of the most rhythmically innovative albums in jazz history and one of the first to consciously explore time signatures outside of the standard beat, and ranks as one of the most popular jazz albums ever. This is testament to Brubeck and Paul Desmond's abilities as composers and their love of the West Coast sound. Time Out takes jazz swing to another level.

18. Cannonball Adderley - Somethin' Else (1958)

38 cannonball adderl216873This album fits alongside some of the greatest jazz albums ever recorded. Few musicians could get the likes of John Coltrane, Miles Davis, Hank Jones, Art Blakey and Sam Jones to be part of the quintet. In the original sleeve notes, Leonard Feather comments that it is the coming together of the various jazz styles that makes this album work. He says that this leads to a "cohesive quality of their concerted efforts." The album manages to capture a moment in time prior to the recording of Miles Davis' Kind of Blue.

19. Miles Davis - Bitches Brew (1970)

9 miles davis bitches brewThis album is considered to be among the most revolutionary jazz albums because it defined the style of jazz-rock fusion. It is also an example of the role the producer can play in editing an album from a number of jam sessions. Important for featuring a combination of unknown and famous musicians including Joe Zawinul, Wayne Shorter, John McLaughlin, Chick Corea, Jack DeJohnette, Dave Holland, Don Alias, Bennie Maupin and Larry Young, Bitches Brew is so forward-thinking that it retains its freshness and mystery even now.

20. John Coltrane - Giant Steps (1959)

Coltrane Giants StepsColtrane Giants Steps If there was one album which transformed jazz it would have to be Coltrane’s first recording for Atlantic Records. Not only did it further the development of jazz but also succeeded in helping to bring it to a wider audience. It consisted of two sessions recorded between May and December 1959, and during that time Coltrane used two different trios that signalled a physical transformation from the old to the new world order – a giant leap into the unknown. This can be best summed up with a quote from Coltrane’s son Ravi, who said that his father used the Giant Steps progression in many of his later recordings "so Giant Steps can be seen as the beacon that shone forward over Coltrane’s most influential work of the 1960s and the freer playing that followed."

21. Stan Getz & Joao Gilberto - Getz/Gilberto (1963)

stan getz joc3a3o gilberto feat antc3b4nio carlos jobim getz gilberto 1964One of the biggest-selling jazz albums of all time, and Bossa nova's finest moment. Stan Getz and Joao Gilberto were among the greatest innovators of Bossa nova. The results were magic. Bossa nova is a permanent part of the jazz landscape, not just for its unassailable beauty, but it also contains one of the biggest smash hit singles in jazz history: "The Girl from Ipanema", featuring Gilberto's wife Astrud on vocals.

22. John Coltrane - Blue Train (1957)

John Coltrane Blue Train blue note 91721 album coverThis was Coltrane´s only recording for Blue Note as lead. He not only addresses the tunes at hand, but also simultaneously reinvents himself as a multifaceted interpreter of both hard bop as well as sensitive balladry - touching upon all forms in between. Blue Train can easily be considered among the most important and influential albums not only of John Coltrane's career, but of the entire genre of jazz music as well.

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